What are the 7 Steps of CPR with Pictures [Actionable Guide]

What are the 7 Steps of CPR with Pictures [Actionable Guide]

The 7 Steps of CPR start with calling the emergency response team then evaluating the surroundings, opening the person’s airway, providing rescue breaths, initiating chest compressions, rescue breaths, and continuing chest and breathing.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is among the popular medical techniques worldwide for resuscitating a person. In a life-threatening medical emergency, a professional bystander can step in and significantly boost the person’s chances of survival by performing 30 chest compressions in addition to the required two rescue breaths.

Learning the 7 steps of CPR is essential for everyone, doesn’t matter if you work in the medical field or not. It’s a life skill that everyone must learn because someone might be in a life-or-death situation and require resuscitation.

In situations involving medical crises, including electrocution, smoke inhalation, stroke cardiac arrest, or near-drowning, doing CPR can be the difference between life and death. Before doing CPR and assisting in the patient’s timely heartbeat revival, the bystander must know how to do CPR. In this article, you will learn what are the 7 steps of CPR, CPR basics, and when to stop after administering CPR on a patient.

Importance of Learning CPR

Within minutes, a person can pass away if their breathing or heart stops beating. While anxiously awaiting emergency services to arrive, CPR can ensure safety which is one of the basic principles of caregiving; CRP can potentially save lives. Here are some benefits of learning CPR as an individual.

Prevents brain death

During cardiac arrest, the heart stops blood flow to the brain and other essential organs. The victim loses consciousness due to reduced blood flow to the brain. An inadequate blood supply to the brain can cause harm within three minutes. Damage to the brain may be irreparable after nine minutes without blood flow. Maintaining circulation during CPR can potentially lessen the victim’s injuries, especially if it’s not a new CPR method that you are not conversant with.

CPR Saves Lives

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) can happen anywhere and anytime. SCA victims need to get medical attention right away. The likelihood of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest can be doubled or tripled if CPR is started right away. Interestingly, the steps of CPR child administration aren’t different from those of a child except for the number of chest compressions to perform. However, CPR can help save lives, whether as a child or an adult.

You know what to do

You know what to do

Receiving CPR training gives one the information, self-assurance, and abilities needed to assist someone in need and maintain composure in an emergency. Those who have earned their CPR certification are equipped to positively impact their surroundings by being on hand to intervene in the event of a cardiac arrest.

Every Second Counts

“Why learn CPR when I can just call 911?” you may be asking yourself. Even if you should always dial 911 in an emergency first, rescuers may take some time to reach the scene. A person suffering from sudden cardiac arrest has a decreasing likelihood of survival for each minute that passes without assistance. When onlookers respond quickly to CPR, someone’s chances of survival can be significantly increased.

What Are The 7 Steps of CPR?

During emergencies, tensions are high, yet it’s crucial to maintain composure and self-assurance. The victim’s only chance might be you if you find yourself in a life-or-death scenario and there is no immediate medical help available.

Notably, the subsequent actions pertain to administering CPR to an adult. Although the methods for executing CPR on a toddler or infant are identical, there are important distinctions between them. Enrolling in thorough CPR training programs that address the differences between grown-up, child, and newborn CPR is vital. Let’s start with the CPR steps with pictures to help anyone learn it for the first time.

Step 1 – Call 911/Emergency response team

In an emergency, knowing how to perform CPR correctly can save lives. Until professional help arrives, responding promptly and taking the appropriate actions is imperative. Making a 911 call will notify emergency authorities, who can then provide you with instructions on what to do next.

If CPR is required, make sure you provide it after dialing 911. There are several procedures for this, so it’s crucial to utilize the right one for the best results. Remember that time is of the essence in these situations, so be calm and act appropriately as soon as it is safe to do so.

Step 2 – Evaluate the Surrounding

Evaluate the Surrounding

You should evaluate the situation and decide the CPR positions to take when you want to perform CPR. While you don’t want to squander time, you also don’t want to risk yourself or other people further.

Ensure CPR is the most effective action by evaluating the victim’s condition and the emergency scene. If you watch the victim’s chest descend, you can tell if they are still unconscious or unable to breathe on their own. If not, you should start CPR right once.

Step 3 – Open the Person’s Airway

The victim must be appropriately positioned before starting CPR. Verify that they lay on their back, but if you suspect an injury, proceed with caution while using their limbs. Tilt the victim’s head backwards and elevate their jaw slightly while they are flat on their back. Additionally, you ought to verify if their airway is blocked by anything.

Step 4 – Check the Victim’s breathing and pulse

Once the victim’s airway has been opened, you should see if they are breathing. Put your ear down towards their mouth while giving it a ten-second listen. Start CPR right away if you don’t observe any evidence of breathing. You can start CPR per adventure the person is occasionally having trouble breathing. You shouldn’t administer CPR if the victim is unconscious and breathing normally, but you should continue to monitor their breathing until emergency personnel come.

Step 5 – Starts Chest Compression

Position your hands over each other, connect your fingers, and begin chest compressions. Apply your entire body weight, straighten your arms, place your hands in the middle, slightly around the breastbone, and push hard for a minimum of two inches, applying compressions at 100 to 140 per minute. Every time you perform a compression, let the chest rise. Ensure you use precise hand placement for CPR when performing chest compression as you lock your hands.

Step 6 – Rescue Breaths

Rescue Breaths

You should start administering rescue breaths after performing chest compressions. Tilt the head backward and raise the chin slightly to see that the airway remains open. Make sure to close the person’s nose, and then position your mouth there to take emergency breaths. Verify if the victim’s airway is open and inflate their mouth. To ensure their airway is open, administer breaths and see whether their chest rises. If not, repositioning the airway might be necessary.

Many professionals say you might not need rescue breaths to do CPR effectively. Just giving chest compressions during CPR is known as hands-on CPR, and it can be beneficial as CPR combined with rescue breathing. Here is more information about performing CPR with your hands alone.

Step 7 – Continue Chest and Breath

Our last step in this “What are the 7 steps of CPR” guide is to continue the previous CPR steps. Until expert medical service arrives, keep performing rescue breaths and chest compressions. To avoid exhausting yourself, you can alternate performing CPR with somebody else close by who is likewise skilled in the technique. Continue CPR and first aid procedures pending when help arrives. These cycles of CPR can help keep the victim alive instead of doing nothing and waiting for emergency services to come.

When to Stop CPR?

Deciding when to stop resuscitation efforts might be challenging, but it’s a crucial choice. Under some circumstances, performing CPR instructions on a patient may cause more harm than good, and prolonging attempts at resuscitation may not be clinically advantageous.

The patient’s age, medical history, reaction to resuscitation attempts, and the time after the cardiac event are some things to consider before terminating resuscitation. Determining the appropriate course of action for the patient’s well-being requires close collaboration with medical professionals.

Always keep in mind that the choice to stop resuscitation must never be made hastily; instead, it should be done with great thought and empathy for both the patient and those closest to them.


Understanding what are the 7 steps of CPR can help save a dying person. CPR should be one skill that everyone must learn because the benefits are numerous. Nevertheless, some professions require an individual to have certification because of how delicate their role can be. Furthermore, following these essential steps of CPR is critical. CPR remains an emergency remedy to offer to a person suffering from cardiac arrest, pending when medical authority shows up.

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